Trends in Substances of Abuse among Pregnant Women and Women of Childbearing Age in Treatment

January 7th, 2014

The TEDS Report: Substance use during pregnancy may result in premature birth, miscarriage, and a variety of behavioral and cognitive problems in exposed children.

According to data from the Treatment Episode Data Set (TEDS), the proportion of female substance abuse treatment admissions aged 15 to 44 who were pregnant at treatment entry remained relatively stable between 2000 and 2010 (4.4 and 4.8 percent). However, there were shifts in the types of substances reported by these treatment admissions. The  percentage of pregnant admissions reporting alcohol abuse (with or without drug abuse) decreased from 46.6 percent in 2000 to 34.8 percent in 2010, and the percentage reporting drug abuse but not alcohol abuse increased from 51.1 percent in 2000 to 63.8 percent in 2010. Non-pregnant female admissions aged 15 to 44 shows a similar pattern.

The change in substances of abuse reported by admissions involving women of childbearing age, regardless of pregnancy status, may highlight the need to focus greater attention on addressing drug abuse among this population. For information, see

Posted in SBIRT

A Project of the Governor's Institute on Alcohol & Substance Abuse and the North Carolina Society of Addiction Medicine.
Funded wholly or in part by the federal Substance Abuse Prevention and Treatment Block Grant Fund (CFDA #93.959) as a project of the NC Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities & Substance Abuse Services.